Goldcrest High Latur organized a one day dental camp for its students and staff in association with Mumbai based 'Beyond Smile Dental Care Centre', supported by Beyond Smiles Foundation.
The dental camp was held on Friday, 25 February 2011 on the school campus.
Eminent oral and dental surgeons Dr. Hetal Turakhia, Dr. Pankaj Chivate and Dr Shravan Chawla conducted a dental check-up of the school's children. They also explained to the children how preventive measures could help in keeping their teeth in good condition.
Parents were also invited to the school for a talk by the doctors on dental hygiene so that they could help the children in this regard.
Speaking on the occasion, Dr. Hetal Turakhia said, "Dental problems are increasing today due to poor dental care and improper diet. Children are particularly vulnerable because of incorrect methods of brushing teeth and over indulging in sweets and wafers".
The Principal of the school, Mr. Louis Dias, thanked the doctors for their efforts in coming all the way from Mumbai on behalf of the pupils of Goldcrest High Latur.
Vasant Utsav is remarkable step of Goldcrest High
On the auspicious occasion of Vasant Panchami, and to mark the arrival of the Spring season, Vilasrao Deshmukh Foundation's (VDF) school, Goldcrest High, Latur celebrated its first "Vasant Utsav" on its school ground on Saturday, 19 February 2011.
Goldcrest High dazzled the Latur denizens through the celebration of Vasant Utsav. It was indeed a memorable weekend for all who attended the event. Hon'ble Shri Vilasraoji Deshmukh, Union Minister of Rural Development and Panchayati Raj, Government of India, inaugurated the event. Among others were MLA Shri Diliprao Deshmukh, ( Former Minister, Sports and Youth Welfare, Government of Maharashtra); Shri Laxmiraman Lahoti, (President, Dayanand Shikshan Sanstha, Latur); and Shri Aniruddha Jadhav, (Trustee, Chatrapati Shikshan Sanstha, Latur) As Guests of Honour.
Goldcrest High imparts quality education keeping in mind the total development of the children. Children in Latur must get a modern education. The need of the hour is to raise our children in such a way that they lead a good quality life and become responsible global citizens of the future. Latur is a center of quality education since the last 30 years. The city has its own educational pattern. Through such events and the commitment to quality education Goldcrest High is shaping the Latur Pattern in its own style, said the Chief Guest, Shri Vilasrao.Deshmukh.
Introducing the School's future plans, the President of VDF and MLA of Latur, Mr. Amit Deshmukh said,`` Goldcrest High is established under Vilasrao Deshmukh Foundation. The Foundation is committed to providing quality and world class education to the rural youth. VDF is going to be a University in future. The staff of the School is highly qualified and well trained. The students of Goldcrest High will definitely shine in all walks of life. The event Vasant Utsav is an important step taken by the School to introduce the diversity of our Indian culture to the children.
The renowned education specialist from Mumbai, Dr. Rajeev Singh, who is also the academic consultant to the School, said,' "The School has adopted the ICSE pattern which is well recognized all over the world. The CEO of the School Mrs Aditi Amit Deshmukh is committed to providing such quality education to the rural children. Impressed by her commitment, I decided to join Goldcrest High."
Rohit Kulkarni, from Grade5, said,' "From my very first day at school, I have been enjoying the entire atmosphere here. The teachers are very friendly to all of us. I am proud to be a student of Goldcrest High. I am very thankful to my parents for admitting me into Goldcrest High."
The Principal, Mr. Louis Dias, spoke on the Vision, Mission and the role of teachers in shaping the students' future. He assured a safe, healthy and committed environment in the School.
Then the audience was entertained by the mellifluous singers of Ghazals, Bhajans, Sufi, and light Classical Music - the renowned musical duo Roopkumar Rathod and Sunali Rathod. The people of Latur enjoyed the very first live performance of the duo in Latur,
King of Gazals entertained Laturkar.
Singing Bollywood songs like 'Tere Liye' and 'Tujh Mein Rab Dikhta Hai' as well as current hits including: 'Maula Mere Maula' from Anwar and the award winning `Khwja mere Khwja from Jodha Akbar and many more, the musical duo Roopkumar and Sunali Rathod entertained thousands of Laturkars through their enthusiastic performance in Vasant Utsav, a cultural programme organized by Goldcrest High, Latur.
Union Minister for Rural Development and Panchayati Raj, Shri Vilasrao Deshmukh was the Chief Guest for the event. MLA Shri Diliprao Deshmukh, Shri Lakshmiraman Lahoti and Principal Shri Aniruddha Jadhav were among the special invitees. MLA and President of Vilasrao Deshmukh Foundation Shri Amit Deshmukh and the CEO Smt Aditi Amit Deshmukh welcomed the guests.
Speaking on the occasion Union Minister Shri Vilasrao Deshmukh said,` "Through Vasant Utsav Goldcrest High is creating awareness among students towards saving Planet Earth, nurturing trees and other elements. Goldcrest High is committed to providing excellent education to children keeping in mind their overall development. It is an attempt to develop global wisdom in those children who belong to rural areas.
Shri Amit Deshmukh, MLA and President of Vilasrao Deshmukh Foundation introduced the forthcoming plans of the school. He said, "We have an excellent staff of teachers from all around the globe. The staff is committed to developing each child into an eminent global citizen. We are planning the VDF Institutes to turn into a university in future.
The Principal of the School, Mr Louis Dias introduced the School's upcoming projects to guests and parents. He assured the best educational environment for the children at Goldcrest High.
Grand opening of Inter-School Athletics Competition at Goldcrest High
" Goldcrest High is providing a holistic program and nurturing environment, where each child can develop intellectually, socially and physically. The Interschool athletics competition run by Goldcrest High is indeed a good platform for each student to shape his mind and physic," said the District Magistrate of Latur, Mr. Eknath Davle on inaugurating the grand opening of Inter-School Athletics Competition held at Goldcrest High international campus, Latur.
The competition was held on 10th December 2010 at Goldcrest High, an ICSE School established by Vilasrao Deshmukh Foundation Latur. Among others, Gujrathi English school, Shri Shri Ravishankar Vidya Mandir, Sant Tukram National Model School, Wale English School that took part in the cheerful event.
The students in the age group from eight to twelve took part in various games like 100, 200 meters running, discus throwing etc. Participants were on high to perform their best.
At the end it was a feast of cultural programme presented by the students. The Principal of Goldcrest High, Mr. Louis Dias welcomes the Chief Guest. A large number of students, parents and teachers attended the event.
Goldcrest High celebrated Annual Sports event.
It was a cheerful day for the students of Goldcrest High to participate in the first annual sports event held on 12th December 2010 at Goldcrest High International campus, Latur. Mr.C.H. Stalin, Superintendent of Police of Latur , was the chief guest.
Goldcrest High, is an ICSE School established by Vilasrao Deshmukh Foundation, Latur . It was the first annual sports event of the school. The Students in the age group from eight to twelve took part in various games like 100, 200 meters running, discus throwing, hurdles etc. Students were highly enthusiastic to perform their best as parents were enjoying the event with cheerful support for their children.
"Sports are very important for children both in physical and social aspects. Being a good at sports is a strong social asset. Such children have better social skills competent to others. Goldcrest High is creating an important learning environment through this sports event,'' Said Mr. Stalin, the chief guest.
It was also a day for pre-primary kids and their parents. Kids were enjoying the sports like rabbit race, balloon games etc. Now it was time for the parents to show their skills. Parents performed their best in the games like 100, 200 meters running; relay competition with their kid's cheerful support.
After the sports event, students presented a cultural programme based on the theme of commonwealth games. A large number of students, teachers and parents attended the event.
"A nutritious and balanced diet is must for children's growth"
"Children who eat a diet lacking essential vitamins, minerals and carbohydrates have shown poor perform academically at school, so a nutritious and balanced diet is must for kid's growth. Children must get the teaching to make good food choices now and in future," said well-known nutritionist Ms. Sushila Sarangdhar , on her recent visit at Goldcrest High, Latur.
Goldscrest High, is an ICSE school established under Vilasrao Deshmukh Foundation at Latur. Under the guidance of well-known nutritionist of Hinduja Hospital Ms. Sushila Sarangdhar, the school is providing balanced nutritious diet to the students.
At Goldcrest High, the menu of food is planned in such a way that students receive all the necessary nutrients required for their proper growth. Teachers accompany the students during mealtimes, to inculcate social skills and good table manners.
Now Students will fly globally on the wings of excellence.
With a mission to shape the children in rural areas of Maharashtra into caring, courageous and capable global citizens, Vilasrao Deshmukh Foundation launches, Goldcrest High, an ICSE school near Latur.
Vilasrao Deshmukh Foundation is an educational trust established in 2000 by Mr. Amit Deshmukh , MLA of the Latur constituency, with the prime objective of eradicating backwardness in the field of education in rural area. Thus VDF has set up Goldcrest High, the first ever ICSE school with an international standard in Latur.
The launching ceremony took place on 15th of June 2010 at Goldcrest High international campus Latur. The President of the foundation Mr. Amit Deshmukh and the CEO, Ms. Aditi Amit Deshmukh planted a tree on the opening day of the school.
" Today it is concern of all parents that their children grow up to be happy, well educated and good human beings. To enable this to happen, parents and schools have to explore creative methods of teaching. At Goldcrest High, our endeavor is to harness the depths of our ancient heritage and adapt it to the modern. It is the endeavour of the Trust, the Board, and teachers to provide our students with the tools needed for a happy and fulfilling life." Said Mr. Deshmukh.
Speaking on the occasion the CEO Ms. Aditi Deshmukh said," We opened the doors to this place of learning and academic excellence with great commitment. We believe that a school is the heart of a community. Our aim is to provide a high quality education to all students to ensure they enter the world with the skills to compete and excel in the fields of their choice."
The Principal of the school Mr. Louis Dias, Ms. Dias, MLA Mr. Vaijanath Shinde, Mr. Rajiv Parikh, Mr. Hemant Vaidya, Mr. A.M. Rao, Mrs. Sharanya Patil were among those who attended the programme.
' Vishwa Bharati' sends out the message to preserve Indian culture
As a culmination of its celebrations of Rabindranath Tagore's 150 birth anniversary, Goldcrest High, Latur enacted a musical drama,`Vishwa Bharati', as part of its first Annual Cultural Concert, on 23 April 2011. The concert showcased the students' talent most effectively. All the students of the school participated in the concert enthusiastically with full support of their parents.
The concert took place at Dayanand Auditorium, Latur. . Shri Trimbekdas Zamvar, Director of BHEL and Shri Venket Bedre, President, District Congress Committee, were the Chief Guests. Inaugurating the concert Shri Zamvar said,`` Goldcrest High is the first ever ICSE School established in Latur and this has been done by Vilasrao Deshmukh Foundation. It is the need of the hour to develop rural youth in all areas. The Foundation is committed to providing quality education of international standards in the rural and urban areas of Latur.'' Shri Bedre also conveyed his good wishes to the students of the school.
The students, especially the KG children, danced with great spirit to popular songs like 'Jungle Jungle Pata Chala Hai-Chaddi Pahan Ke Phul Khila Hai, Yashomai Mayya Se Bole Nandlala, Nani Teri Morani Ko Mora Le Gayi, Funny Funny Monkey' etc. The backdrop of the stage was a replica of the Akshardham Temple, Gujrat; this was one of the major attractions for the audience.
Irfan Sheikh wins Silver and Bronze medal in Roller Skating.
A student of Goldcrest High Latur, Irfan Gafar Sheikh wins Bronze medal in Roller Skating in a national level competition held in Aurangabad and a Silver medal in a state level competition held in Nashik.
Irfan clench the medals in the age group of 6 to 8. He is studying in Grade 1 at Goldcrest High, Latur.
`From the age group of 4 Irfan is keenly interested in sports especially in Roller Skating. He practices very hard and is willing to win gold medal in future, said his coach, Mr. S. Ahmed.
The principal of Goldcrest High, Mr. Louis Dias, co-coordinator Mrs. Deepali Dias, Mr. Peter Parera, District Sports Officer Mr.Anant Bombde congratulated Ifran on his great achievement.
Medical Camp held at Goldcrest High
Goldcrest High, Latur conducted a one day medical check-up camp for its students yesterday,
13 July 2011. Around 375 children of the school were examined in which General Health, ENT (
ear, nose & throat),and Dental check-up were conducted by renowned and specialist doctors.
Dr. Sunil Kulkarni, Dr. Suresh Bhattad, Dr. Anand Gore, Dr. Mahesh Halge, Dr. Sarika
Deshmukh, Dr. Chetan Sarda, Dr. Sujata Sarda, Dr. Shyamsundar Malu, and Dr. Datta
Gojamgunde took part, gave health tips and explained the importance of cleanliness to the
Speaking on the occasion, the Principal of the school, Mr. Louis Dias said,`` Goldcrest High
conducts a medical camp every year for its students. It is a must to prepare our children for
school health-wise. When parents register their children for our school, we give them health
forms in which they record their children's health check-up and immunization details as well
as inform us of any special needs their children may have.
After the check-up Mr. Dias thanked the doctors for their participation in spite of their busy
Goldcrest High celebrated Raksha Bandhan and Independence Day
It was a day of patriotic fever for Goldcrest High, Latur. The School celebrated Independence Day with gaiety.
The students invoked the blessing of the motherland through the national song. The school campus echoed with
the melodious patriotic songs. The energetic dance performance by the students left everyone spell bound.
The students were dressed up in amazing traditional dresses. It was wonderful to see the kids dancing on the
tunes on songs like `Maa tuze salam, Hum Hindustani, Saare Jahan se Accha' etc.
The day before Independence Day – Raksha Bandhan was also celebrated in the school. It was indeed a delightful
sight to see the KG children performing the entire ritual of Raksha Bandhan i.e. the tilak, tying the Rakhi,
giving the sweets. Some of them dressed as Mahatama Gandhi, Subhash Chandra Bose and Jawaharlal Nehru and
enacted them as well.
The Principal of the school, Mr. Louis Dias extended his best wishes along with conveying the real motive
behind celebrating Raksha Bandhan and Independence Day.
A Night at Goldcrest High..
As a part of the learning experience, Goldcrest High, Latur conducted a `Night Out'- a co-curricular programme for the students of Grades 5-7. Around 90 Students took part in it. It was a planned and well organized learning event for the students. The theme of the event was `Human Migration'.
Spending a full night at school was the first ever experience for all the students. The Principal, the coordinators and grade teachers were with them right through.
The concept of the event, `Human Migration,' was delivered through various activities.
Students were asked to set up two self- sustaining colonies in different Grade rooms. While the students were busy building their colonies-in a sudden in change of plan-they were asked to move out and shift to a different room. Then the migration took place. Students were not at all happy to demolish their well built colonies and to move away from one place to another. It was the peak moment of the event. It was the reflection of human migration during the Indo-Pak partition.
Then a documentary on Indo-Pak partition was shown to the students. The Principal Mr. Louis Dias, explained to the students, the cause, impact and history of human migration.
A special show of a film based on migration -`Bend it like Beckham' was arranged for the students later in the night.
Goldcrest High celebrated `Hindi Diwas'
To enhance the awareness and significance of Hindi as our national language, the students of Goldcrest
High celebrated `Hindi Divas' on 14th September with great enthusiasm.
During the event `Kalpataru', a special Hindi magazine was published by the hands of Dr. Rajeev Singh,
educational adviser for the school. The content of the magazine was prepared by the students and included
various articles, poems, short stories, puzzles, jokes etc.
As a special feature, Grade 7 student, Shivaji Saravade's collection of poems was published the hands of
Principal Mr. Dias. `This is my first book of poems and my mother has inspired me to write the poems. I
am thankful to the school for publishing my poems, says Shivaji while expressing his gratitude to the
Speaking on the occasion, Dr. Singh described Hindi as a culture identity and a symbol of love and unity
for the people of India. He said,"Using Hindi language was one's constitutional obligation and it was
one's duty to learn and spread the Hindi language in the country. He further said that language is the
centre where one can express their mind, thoughts and feelings and understand ones' feelings to
At the end of the programme, the Hindi teachers Mr. Audumbar Bansode and Mrs. Neeta Pawar thanked the
guests for attending the event.
Goldcrest High Organizes Market Day & Book exhibition
As a part of its co-curricular programme and to provide a learning experience for the Pre-Primary children,
Goldcrest High organized `Market Day' on 16 September 2011.
The concept of the event was to understand and demonstrate the idea of buying and selling. Also to develop
confidence among children through interaction and through promoting their products.
A market scene was created in the assembly hall of the school. Stalls of various products were prepared by
the Pre-Primary teachers. Stalls of flowers, cosmetics, toys, books, grocery, baked goods, footwear,
clothes were beautifully decorated. The parents found this very attractive and were proud of the efforts
of the stall owners; their own children. The bargaining on products between the children and parents was
indeed `a Kodak Moment' of the event.
Apart from Market Day, a book exhibition by `Scholastic India' was also organized for the children and
parents. The motive behind the exhibition was to give access and opportunity to children to select good
books along with their parents. Children were excited and happy to choose the books they liked.
Goldcrest High Organized Seminar for Parents
Getting experts and parents together, Goldcrest High, Latur organized `Parents Know Best’ seminar on 12 November 2011 at Ekmat Bhavan. The event was aimed at providing insights to parents on the holistic growth of a child. The full day seminar was attended by over 200 young parents.The theme of the event was `Multiple Intelligences; 8 Intelligent Paths to Success”through which a child can develop his dominant areas of intelligence. Latur parents appeared impressed with the presentations of the speakers.
Noted educationist and editor of Navanit Publication Ms.Nivedita Gupta, Chief Mentor of `Learning Temple’ Dr. Rajeev Singh, and Marathi theatre director Mr.Aniruddha Khutwad were the experts who delivered lectures on various aspects of parenting.
Ms. Nivedita Gupta presented her speech about multiple intelligence in a simplified form. She explained how the MI theory is related to Rashichakras. Rashichakra plays an important role in understanding an individual as also the theory of multiple intelligence is helpful for recognizing the strength and weakness of an individual.
Mr. Aniruddha Khutwad shared his struggle as a theatre director. Any art plays an important role, as in life, is to enable us to see the world and the human condition differently. Artists can unlock our imagination and stir us to pause, think, and reflect. Any artist is a great organizer of intrapersonal and interpersonal skills, he added.
Dr. Rajeev Singh explained how every child is special and with his or her own personality. But because of the lack of stability and patience parents do not understand his or her needs. There are multiple types of intelligences in one’s brain and they need to be properly streamlined.
Delivering the vote of thanks Principal of the school, Mr. Louis Dias said,
``Goldcrest High believes that it is vital for parents to recognise that children possess a variety of intelligences. Our aim is to help make parents aware that their children’s success and happiness in life can be achieved through capitalising on the true ability that a child may have and not through forcing him into a career not suited to his particular talent”.
The Latur Pattern of Education has emerged as a standard for Secondary, Higher Secondary and University Education in Maharashtra. This technique of education has been widely adopted in other places of the state, due to its consistent and successful track record at producing excellent results.
The emphasis is on completing the course-work early in the year and then focusing on practising for the examinations. The Latur Pattern of study involves continuous and methodical practice of model question papers months before the board exams.
This methodology, however, has some limitations in that it while it provides an immediate advantage of high marks, it fails to provide the long term advantage of preparing students for advanced learning.
Many aspects of the current educational setup in Latur demand review and change. Until concrete steps are taken to reformulate our methodology of imparting education in our schools, we shall continue to underutilize, even waste our youth, and this could have serious consequences on the intellectual growth and future of Latur.
Goldcrest High, Latur – the first ever school in Latur with the ICSE programme, established under the aegis of the ‘Vilasrao Deshmukh Foundation’ is committed to eradicating backwardness in the field of education by making available to the youth quality technical, non-technical, and vocational education, thus enabling them to successfully meet new challenges in life. The school has formulated the Goldcrest High Pattern of Education with the purpose of providing a quality of education that will empower the individual to succeed in all aspects of his life.
On the eve of its Founder’s Day - 15June 2012, Goldcrest High, Latur launched its ‘Community Outreach’ programme, its most ambitious programme till date. This is a social connect initiative, indigenously conceptualized and led by the school’s enthusiastic students, parents and teachers. The ‘Community Outreach’ programme is designed to comprise various exciting events like street plays, social messaging campaigns, seminar, conferences, workshops, etc in order to educate, enlighten and impress upon the people of Latur the need to rediscover themselves to face the dynamic challenges posed by a global community.
To conclude, we would like to remind you of the theory of evolution, which states that whenever members of a species fail to modify their reaction in response to the variation in the stimuli, that species is set on the way to extinction. The Goldcrest High Pattern of Education will ensure that such a fate will not befall the community in Latur.
Goldcrest High’s student gained success in International Olympiad.
Kaustubh Prasad Kinikar, a student of Goldcrest High gained huge success in the 2nd International English Olympiad organized by Science Olympiad Foundation, New Delhi.
Kaustubh, who is learning in grade 3, was felicitated for his excellent performance on 8th June 2012, in a function organized by Science Olympiad Foundation in Mumbai.
Kaustubh achieved third rank in the examination. The International English Olympiad is a one-of-a-kind examination and first in the history of English Language testing in India. The event aims at identifying the brightest students in English from class 2 to class 10.
Science Olympiad Foundation is an organization established by leading academicians, scientists and media personalities with the aim of promoting Computer, Science, Mathematics and English Education among school children. Since the past 15 years, SOF has been organizing Olympiads in these subjects. Nearly 20,000 schools from more than 1,000 cities participated last year. The Olympiad was held in 14 countries in Asia with around 20 lakh participants.
On Sunday, 207 people, including Principals, teachers and students, were felicitated from Maharashtra and Goa. Sam Harvey, Director, West India British Council and Dr. Lina Kashyap, Pro-Vice Chancellor of Tata Institute of Social Sciences (TISS), were the chief guests at the event.
I am happy I was felicitated. It will help me take up more Olympiad exams. My school is emphasizing to develop the English language skills of the students. The teachers are taking great efforts to boost up the confidence of communication in English among the students,” said Kaustubh on his achievement.
Goldcrest High has the `Wordsworth English Language Training Centre’, where the vernacular medium students get the special customized training of English language to develop their skills & confidence.
Investment of Foreign Universities is an opportunity for the Indians.
- Mr. Frank Braccia
As per the new education policy, Indian Government has opened its doors to foreign universities. The renowned universities in the countries like England, Australia and United States will be soon opening their campuses in India.
This seems to be an opportunity for the Indians, said Mr. Frank Braccia, an American Educationists in his interview to Divya Marathi.
Mr. Frank Braccia is an educational advisor of Goldcrest High, an ISCE school in Latur. During his recent visit to Goldcrest High, Mr. Braccia was speaking on various aspects of education in his special interview.
Under British rule, the majority of Indian Students went to foreign universities for higher education. After independence, India accepted globalization and opened its doors in various sectors for the investment. Education sector has a big scope in Indian market and now the foreign universities are opening their campuses in India. This is a big opportunity for the Indians, said Mr. Braccia.
Lord Mekale’s education system is still accused by educationists but it is also true that its because of his education system Indians were aware about administrative laws and the ideas of independence. Most of the Indian freedom fighters graduated in England and they started their `freedom struggle’ from England. It is because of `English’ laws that Indians thrown out the British rulers, Mr. Braccia added.
(If the foreign universities opened their campuses in India, there should be at least 10 to 15% reservations for the economically poor peoples. India has the second largest English speaking population. Though Hindi is the national language but English is the official working language of India, this is truly commendable.)
Overall development of the children is Goldcrest High’s mission
- Mr. Frank Braccia
India has made great strides in education and today is among one of the world’s fastest developing nations. Indian students are at the forefront of this development. The next steps are to propel India further and your children will take those steps.
This will mean that education needs to prepare students to see things in a global perspective and with international understanding. At Goldcrest High, Latur the child is at the center and education strives to develop the child Intellectually, Socially, Spiritually and Physically, says renowned educationist Frank Braccia during his interaction with the parents.
Mr. Frank Braccia is an International Education Consultant to Vilasrao Deshmukh Foundation. He has over 25 years of experience as a teacher and administrator in schools spanning the globe. His fluency in British, US and IB Curricula has seen him working in Norway, Grand Cayman, Brunei, Azerbaijan, Vietnam and Helsinki, apart from his home country, USA.
Further to his speech Mr. Braccia added, in this changing world, knowledge and technology and use of information and education needs to prepare students to their solve problems, to be creative, to adopt changes, keep India successful, and compete in a global environment. At Goldcrest High the curriculum is taught based on what students will be able to do, what skills they will be able to apply
The extracurricular goes beyond school addressing the gifted and talented and the desire for extra support, this responds to student interest and prepares students for success.
The interaction with parents was followed by question-and-answer session. Parents asked various questions to Mr. Braccia about their relationship with the children and their development.
Principal of the Goldcrest High Mr. Louis Dias introduced Mr. Braccia to the parents. A large number of parents were present during the interaction.